In 1911 a group of businessmen visited Dufur. They purchased the Johnston ranch and planted fruit trees. After several years The Dufur Orchard Co. was established. They eventually planted 4000 acres in orchard on hills north and west of Dufur and Boyd. By 1919, 400 people were employed at harvest time. However, for the apples to mature properly, the orchard needed more rainfall than it received during 1922-23 and to bring water to the trees proved to be too costly. By 1925 all hope of saving any of the orchards were lost and the land was returned to wheat. The Orchard Company contributed to the early growth of the town. By 1920, there were two general stores, a Lodge hall, a restaurant, hotel, bowling alley, and movie theater. Once the trees were removed and the railroad no longer ran, the population returned to around 500.